In the late 1800's, inventors brought items that changed our culture that still impacts us today.

Check out the video clip above to see how Alexander Graham Bell changed the way people communicate with the invention of the telephone.

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Along with Bell, another inventor named Thomas Edison helped to provide inventions such as the phonograph, but his biggest invention was the light bulb. Check out the clip below that gives more insight to his invention.

http://www.history.com/topics/thomas-edison/videos#thomas-edison
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George Eastman helped improve photograph technology with the development of his Kodak cameras and film. Click on the document to find out more about how he revolutionized photography. 06.07_merholz_camera_color.jpg


Others looked at the food industry to develop inventions that still impact our daily lives today.

Gustavus Swift

Gustavus Swift invented the refrigerated railroad car in the 1880s. The railroad car was important because before the 1880s, you could not ship meat to places because it would spoil fast but the refrigerated railroad car keeps meat fresh so it can be shipped to other places. Swift set up a meat packing industry in Chicago, where animals were slaughtered and carved into slabs of beef.( info provided from the following link:
http://historyproject802.wikispaces.com/Gustavus+Swift)
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Along with the refrigerated car, another businessman helped to make changes in the food industry.

Philip Danforth Armour developed a concept of meat packing techniques that are still used today. Check out the document below to learn more about it.
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Steel has been around for many years, but was considered hard to make in large quantities and was very expensive to purchase.

Henry Bessemer changed how steel was made. Read below to find out more.

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Now that steel could be made in larger quantities and purchased cheaper than before, other industries grew.


Henry Ford had an agricultural background that allowed him to work on machinery and push his drive to see how things work. Ford used his knowledge to help develop an automobile that can be made quicker through the assembly line process and also make it affordable for everyone during the early 1900s. Check out the document and video clip to learn more about Ford.

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http://www.history.com/topics/henry-ford/videos/the-rise-of-henry-ford?m=528e394da93ae&s=undefined&f=1&free=false


George WestinghouseScreen Shot 2015-11-27 at 10.06.50 AM.png

*Responsible for alternating current which allowed for more people access to electricity in their homes.
* Invention of the railroad air brake allowing for safety of people and goods.
*Formed the Westinghouse Electric & Manufacturing Company and in 1889 he renamed it as Westinghouse Electrical Corporation.
Check out the video clip below to learn more about Westinghouse

http://inventors.about.com/video/Profile-of-George-Westinghouse.htm

Screen Shot 2015-11-27 at 12.50.25 PM.png Milton Hersey

*Apprentice job with a candy maker began to learn about business of candy.
  • Many unsuccessful attempt, but final successful in making caramel candy.
  • Shifted to chocolate bars, major success due to smart business principals
  • Provided large sums of money for charity.
Click on the link below to learn more about Milton Hersey and his success with the candy industry.
https://www.hersheys.com/our-story.aspx#/the-man

George Pullman

*Made a fortune by building luxury rail cars Screen Shot 2015-11-27 at 1.51.33 PM.png
*Leasing instead of selling them to rail companies.
  • Recession in 1893 forced Pullman to cut wages
*Resulting in violent Strikes that tarnished his reputation.
ea5ccf10ee62920cdd1ff9e76ad16601.jpgPullman railroad car.



George Washington Carver was an agricultural expert that helped many farmers utilize farming practices to help provide nutrients for the soil. Carver also found many different uses for peanut that can help others in many ways. Read the document and watch the video clip below to learn more.

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http://www.history.com/topics/black-history/george-washington-carver/videos/modern-marvels-tuskegee-institute



In 1855, Henry Bessemer developed a new more efficient, less expensive method for making steel, called the Bessemer Process. The Bessemer process was built on the principle of removing the impurities from pig iron. By smelting the iron ore using oxidation (blowing oxygen through the ore), heat and a reducing chemical agent, a purer metal is produced. This new steel making process revolutionized the steel industry by decreasing the cost to produce and creating a stronger, lighter metal that could be shipped more easily and used in the construction of taller buildings. It made building railroads faster and less expensive which meant more track could be laid.
In 1855, Henry Bessemer developed a new more efficient, less expensive method for making steel, called the Bessemer Process. The Bessemer process was built on the principle of removing the impurities from pig iron. By smelting the iron ore using oxidation (blowing oxygen through the ore), heat and a reducing chemical agent, a purer metal is produced. This new steel making process revolutionized the steel industry by decreasing the cost to produce and creating a stronger, lighter metal that could be shipped more easily and used in the construction of taller buildings. It made building railroads faster and less expensive which meant more track could be laid.