5.8 Analyze the geographic, social, political, and economic strengths and weakness of the North and South.

5.9 Identify the Border States and the efforts of both sides to secure them to their cause

5.10 Create a visual display to explain the Union’s Anaconda Plan for defeating the Confederacy and how the geography of the South formed the Eastern, Western, and Trans-Mississippi theaters of war.
5.12 Draw on informational text, explain the roles of the military and civil leaders during the Civil War including:
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Jefferson Davis
  • Ulysses S. Grant
  • Robert E. Lee
  • Frederick Douglas
  • Clara Barton

Once the Civil War started, both sides created plans to win the war. Along with strategy plans, each side had advantages and disadvantages that could help or hurt them during the war. Look over the following power point to find out more about union and confederate strategies as well as advantages and disadvantages for the war.


Strategies & plans

Along with all the resources available to help with the war effort, the North also developed a battle plan to help win the war. General Winfield Scott developed a plan known as the "Anaconda Plan" with two major objectives to help defeat the South with fewer casualities. Scott believed if they could cut off or block resources being sent to the South, then it would force them to eventually surrender. Why do you think this plan was nicknamed "Anaconda Plan"?
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Military and Non Military leaders during the Civil War

Presidential Leaders of the Civil War

Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. When he became elected in 1860, his goal was not to completely end slavery, but over time, Lincoln knew that slavery should stop and allow these people the equality that the constitution says they deserve. He led the country through one of the most difficult times in American history.
watch the video below to learn more about the leadership of Abraham Lincoln.
http://www.history.com/topics/abraham-lincoln/videos#abraham-lincoln

Jefferson Davis was the President of the Confederate United States. Along with Lincoln, Davis had many difficult decisions to make in regards to the Civil War. Read pages 75-77 to learn more about President Davis and his decision in regards to Fort Sumter that led to the beginning of the Civil War.
Check out this video clip to learn more about Jefferson Davis.
http://www.biography.com/people/jefferson-davis-9267899

General leaders of the Civil War

Robert E. Lee was the leading general of the Confederacy. Lee was asked by Lincoln to be the Union commander at the beginning of the war, but declined because of his loyalty to Virginia.
Check out the following video about Robert E. Lee from the History Channel.
http://www.history.com/videos/robert-e-lee#robert-e-lee

Ulysses S. Grant- Was the commanding general of the Union forces during the Civil War. Grant was not the first Union leader to lead the troops, he was the only general that was able to defeat the confederates. Even when Lee and the Confederates surrendered, Grant told his men to still show these people respect, because they were now part of the United States again. Later in life, Grant became the 18th President of the United States.
Take a look at Grant's accomplishments as a Union general during the Civil War.
http://www.history.com/topics/ulysses-s-grant/videos#grant-or-lee

Non-military Leaders of the Civil War

Frederick Douglass was a former slave who barely knew his mother growing up. He escaped slavery and worked hard to educate himself. He was a devoted abolitionist that fought against slavery. He wrote a newspaper called The North Star and was an advisor to Lincoln during the war.


Above is a video clip that explains the life of Frederick Douglass from a slave to an accomplished leader for the Union.
Clara Barton was considered the "Angel of the Battlefield" during the Civil War. She helped wounded soldiers with supplies & making sure to get letters home to the family. After the war, she went overseas to learn more about the Red Cross. In 1881, she founded the American Red Cross that is still in running today to help people in need.